Written long before the Middle Ages, “The Odyssey” was known in Latin translation by educated medieval Europeans.
At the end of the decade-long Trojan War, Odysseus sets sail for home – but fails to offer thanks to the Olympian gods and goddesses. The Ithacan king relies on lies, subterfuge & Athena’s help to escape the man-killing Cyclops, avoid the sirens’ call, and survive other mis-adventures. Losing time, ships and men in every crisis, Odysseus alone survives.
Back in Ithaca, Odysseus’s wife Penelope still refuses to re-marry, despite his 20-year absence. At last she promises to choose among her suitors when her weaving is completed. Each day Penelope weaves and each night she un-does her work, outwitting the men. Disguised as a beggar, Odysseus returns to the palace and destroys Penelope’s suitors.